What is a Rotator Cuff Tear?
A rotator cuff is a group of tendons in the shoulder joint that provides support and enables a wide range of motion. A major injury to these tendons may result in rotator cuff tears. It is one of the most common causes of shoulder pain in middle-aged and older individuals.
What are the Causes of Rotator Cuff Tears?
A rotator cuff tear may occur with repeated use of the arm for overhead activities, while playing sports, or from a motor accident.
What are the Symptoms of Rotator Cuff Tears?
A rotator cuff tear causes severe pain, weakness of the arm and crackling sensation on moving the shoulder in certain positions. There may be stiffness, swelling, loss of movement and tenderness in the front of the shoulder.
How is a Rotator Cuff Tear Diagnosed?
Your surgeon diagnoses a rotator cuff tear based on a physical examination and X-rays. A rotator cuff tear is best viewed on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
What are the Treatment Options for Rotator Cuff Tears?
The conservative treatment options for rotator cuff tears are:
- Shoulder Sling
- Pain medication
- Injection of a steroid (cortisone) and a local anesthetic in the subacromial space of the affected shoulder to relieve inflammation and pain
Surgery for Rotator Cuff Tears
Rotator cuff repair may be performed by open or arthroscopic surgery. In arthroscopy, the space for rotator cuff tendons will be increased and the cuff tear is repaired using suture anchors. These anchor sutures help in attaching the tendons to the shoulder bone. Following the surgery, you may be advised to practice motion and strengthening exercises.
- Shoulder Impingement
- Shoulder Labral Tear
- Frozen Shoulder
- Shoulder Instability
- Arthritis of the Shoulder
- Shoulder Fracture
- Acromioclavicular (AC) Arthritis
- Rotator Cuff Tear
- Shoulder Pain
- SLAP Tears
- Clavicle Fracture
- Fracture of the Shoulder Blade (Scapula)
- Shoulder Trauma
- Shoulder Dislocation
- Anterior Shoulder Instability
- Posterior Shoulder Instability
- Sternoclavicular Joint (SC joint)
- Overhead Athlete's Shoulder
- Subacromial Impingement Syndrome
- Glenoid Fractures
- Shoulder Disorders
- Snapping Scapula
- Proximal Humerus Fractures
- Baseball and Shoulder Injuries
- Acromioclavicular (AC) Joint Osteoarthritis
- Proximal Biceps Tendinitis
- Rotator Cuff Pain
- Internal Impingement of the Shoulder
- Rotator Cuff Re-tear
- AC Joint Separation
- Shoulder Tendonitis
- Little League Shoulder
- Throwing Injuries of the Shoulder
- Rotator Cuff Calcification
- Partial Rotator Cuff Tear
- Bicep Tendon Rupture
- Proximal Biceps Tendon Rupture
- Calcification Tendinitis
- AC Joint Dislocation/Acromioclavicular Joint Dislocation
- Long Head Biceps Tendon Rupture
- Shoulder Labral Tear with Instability
- Multidirectional Instability of the Shoulder
- Periprosthetic Shoulder Fracture